Dr Gavin Raymond Hunt

PhD

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Senior Research Fellow

Biography

Gavin completed his PhD at Massey University in 1997 on the ecology of the endangered kagu of New Caledonia. His doctoral research was mostly carried out in New Caledonia from 1991-1995. During that time he discovered that the endemic New Caledonian crow had complex tool manufacturing and using skills. He has been a Research Fellow at University of Auckland since 2000.

Research | Current

Gavin’s early research on New Caledonian crows provided the important first descriptive accounts of their tool manufacturing and using skills. He showed that their tools had three features new to tool use in nonhuman animals: a high degree of standardisation, discrete tool types with definite imposition of form in tool shaping, and the use of hooks. He also showed lateralisation in tool manufacture, which suggested a possible association between their tool skills and cognitive specialisation.

Gavin’s research has attracted world-wide media attention including a full page article in The New York Times and international television documentaries. His initial discovery in 1996 has been highlighted as one of the most important of the 20th century in the book “Defining moments in science”. One reason for this is that complex tool manufacture and use in New Caledonian crows has shown that the evolution of sophisticated tool skills is not dependent on having a primate brain.


Find more information on the Cognition and culture in New Caledonian crows web page

Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)

  • Hunt, G. R. (2014). New Caledonian Crows' (Corvus moneduloides) Pandanus Tool Designs: Diversification or Independent Invention?. Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 126 (1), 133-139. 10.1676/13-085.1
  • Hunt, G. R. (2013). Vice-anvil use in nut processing by two Corvus species. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 41 (1), 68-76. 10.1080/03014223.2013.809368
  • Hunt, G. R., Gray, R. D., & Taylor, A. H. (2013). Why is tool use rare in animals?. In C. M. Sanz, J. Call, C. Boesch (Eds.) Tool use in animals: cognition and ecology (pp. 89-117). Cambridge University Press.
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Russell Gray
  • Medina, F. S., Hunt, G. R., Gray, R. D., Wild, J. M., & Kubke, M. F. (2013). Perineuronal satellite neuroglia in the telencephalon of New Caledonian crows and other Passeriformes: evidence of satellite glial cells in the central nervous system of healthy birds?. PeerJ, 1,10.7717/peerj.110
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Maria Kubke , Martin Wild , Russell Gray
  • Abdelkrim, J., Gemmell, N. J., Hunt, G. R., & Gray, R. D. (2012). Population genetic structure and colonisation history of the tool-using New Caledonian crow. PLoS ONE, 7 (5).10.1371/journal.pone.0036608
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Russell Gray
  • Taylor, A. H., Hunt, G. R., & Gray, R. D. (2012). Context-dependent tool use in New Caledonian crows. Biol Lett, 8 (2), 205-207. 10.1098/rsbl.2011.0782
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Russell Gray , Alexander Taylor
  • Medina, F. S., Taylor, A. H., Hunt, G. R., & Gray, R. D. (2011). New Caledonian crows' responses to mirrors. Animal Behaviour, 82 (5), 981-993.
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Russell Gray , Alexander Taylor
  • Taylor, A. H., Elliffe, D. M., Hunt, G. R., Emery, N. J., Clayton, N. S., & Gray, R. D. (2011). New Caledonian crows learn the functional properties of novel tool types. PLoS One, 6 (12),10.1371/journal.pone.0026887
    Other University of Auckland co-authors: Russell Gray , Douglas Elliffe , Alexander Taylor

Contact details

  • Media Contact

Web links

Primary location

HUMAN SCIENCES BUILDING - EAST
Level 6, Room 201E-641
10 SYMONDS ST
Auckland 1010
New Zealand